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Psilocybe semilanceata, known as the liberty cap. is a species of fungus which produces the psychoactive compounds psilocybin and baeocystin. It is both one of the most distributed psilocybin mushrooms in nature, and one of the most potent.
Pileus (cap) of Psilocybe semilanceata
0.5-2.5 cm broad. Conic to obtuse conic to conic-campanulate with an acute umbo. Margin translucent-striate, incurved and sometimes undulated in young fruiting bodies. Often darkened by spores. Surface smooth, color variable, hygrophanous. Usually dark chestnut brown when moist. soon drying to a light tan or yellow, with an olive tint, margin sometimes with bluish or olive stains. Surface viscid when moist from a separable gelatinous pellicle.
Lamellae (Gills) of Psilocybe semilanceata
Attachment most adnexed, sometimes adnate or seceding. Close to crowded, narrow. Color pallid at first, rapid becoming grey. then brownish and finally purplish brown with the edges remaining pallid.
Stipe (stem) of Psilocybe semilanceata
30-100 mm long by 0.75-3 mm thick. Slender, equal, flexuous (curved or sinuous), and pliant. Pallid to more brownish towards the base. Where the attached mycelium may become bluish tinged, especially during drying. Surface smooth. Context stuffed with a fibrious pith. Partial veil thin cortinate, deteriorating, leaving an obscure evanescent annular zone of fibrils. usually darkened by spores. Often this zone is entire absent.
Microscopic features of Psilocybe semilanceata
Spores, Dark purplish brown in deposit, ellipsoid, 11-14 by 7-9 microns. Basidia 4-spored. Pleurocystidia few to absent. Cheilocystidia 18-35 by 4.5-8 microns. lageniform with an extended and flexuous neck, often forked.
Season of Psilocybe semilanceata
From when the fall rains begin until the first freezes. Liberty caps like cool temperatures, around 50 degrees Farenheit and lots of rain.
Habitat and Distribution of Psilocybe semilanceata
Psilocybe semilanceata grows in north temperate areas but it’s found in Peru. Pune, India, Australia, New Zealand. and also at altitudes of 4000 meters in Italy. Grows In fields where cattle graze, they will be in the larger greener clumps of grass. Or in parks and golf courses. They like the water that the plants funnel down to the base of the plant and tend to hide there.
Psilocybe strictipes is a psilocybin mushroom which grows on grassy meadows and lawns. It’s found throughout the cool temperate. And subarctic regions of the Northern Hemisphere and it is most common in Europe. And the Pacific Northwest. It is close related to Psilocybe semilanceata and Psilocybe pelliculosa. Psilocybe strictipes is common confused with Psilocybe semilanceata. and differentiated by its lack of a papilla and a convex to subumbonate cap. “Strictipes” comes from the Latin words stricti (narrow) and pes (foot).
psilocybe semilanceata uk map
The Cap Psilocybe strictipes cap is 5 to 30 mm across. conic to campanulate to convex, smooth. And translucent-striate near the margin, often with a low umbo. It is walnut brown to dark rusty brown, with a smooth surface and a separable gelatinous pellicle. It is Hygrophanous, fading to buff as it dries. The flesh sometimes stains blue where damaged.
Gills are gills are cream-colored when young. And dark purple brown when mature, with an adnate attachment.
psilocybe semilanceata look alikes
The spores are dark purple brown, suboblong, and 11 by 6 um.
The stipe has a white to ocher, equal, tough. And cartilaginous structure with fibrillose patches. It is 4 to 10 cm long and around .25 cm thick. The partial veil is thin, cortinate, and does not usually leave any remnants on the stipe.
Psilocybe strictipes fruits in late summer to fall in Chile. England, France, Germany, Holland, Slovakia, Siberia, Sweden, and the Pacific Northwest. Psilocybe strictipes found in lawns and grassy fields but never growing from dung.
Pileus 15-40mm in diameter conical at first. Becoming convex to subumbonate to subplane or somewhat depressed at the center. But upturned at the margin, glabrous. But in young specimens with minute fibrillose scales from the veil along the margin, even. But striate at the margin when wet, viscid. with the pellicle seperable, hygrophanous, warm-buff. Or pinkish buff, light blonde brown to cinamon buff, olive brown. Often tinged green when touched.
Lamellae adnate or adnexed, with decurrent ends. whitish, light greyish or dingy yellow, finally purplish brown or greyish violet brown. with whitish and subfloccose edges.
psilocybe semilanceata dosage
Stipe 50-70mm cylindrical, equal or equal composed. uneven, silky white, dry fibrous, especially below the annulus. furfuraceous punctate above, stuffed or hollow, base strigose or with white rhizomorphs. Veil well deeloped as a white foccose coat. forming a more or less permanant or evanescent white silky annulus. very thin and delicate.
Spores 9.9-12 x 6-7um subellipsoid both in side and face view or somewhat inequilateral in side veiw. thick walled, yellowish brown with large germ pore. Purple brown in deposit.
Growing to caespitose on soil. rotten wood, straw, decayed rice hulls, or on dung, on roadsides or lawns in deciduous or bamboo forests. fruiting from summer to late autumn. Known only in Japan
Psilocybe liniformans is a distributed mushroom in Europe. But this species of Psilocybe is very rare. It is in the section semilanceata of Psilocybe.
The cap is 1 – 2.5 cm convex to plane, and is sometimes umbonate but not papillate. It is smooth, dull grayish brown to olivacous, more reddish. At the center, hygrophanous. And becoming straw brown when dry with the center remaining more brownish. It sometimes has a bluish green tone, or olivacous tones at the margin when young.
The gills adnexed, subdistant, broad. And dark chocolate brown to purplish brown with age.
The spores are dark purple brown, ellipsoid, and 13 – 14.5 by 7.5 – 8.8(10)um.
The stipe is 1.4 -3.0 cm by 1 %u2013 2 mm, equal, enlarging at the base. It is whitish to very pale brownish, darker below. bruising blue, and fibrillose in the lower part. The partial veil is thin and soon disappears.
The taste is weak to somewhat farinaceous; The odor is aromatic to farinaceous.
Microscopic features: The basidia are 4-spored and pleurocystidia are absent. The cheilocystidia are 22 – 33 by 5.5 – 9 um, lageniform and have an extended neck.
Psilocybe liniformans var. americana:
Psilocybe liniformans var. americana is a very rare variant of liniformans that grows in America. It;s found scattered to gregarious in rich pastures or grasslands. fruiting from summer to early winter. Collected in Washington, Oregon, and Michigan. And has also reported from Chile where it fruits in the spring. This mushroom is very close to the type variety. The main difference is the lack of a gelatinous layer on the edge of the lamellae. And the terricolous habitat.
The cap is 1 – 2.5 cm convex to near plane, and is sometimes broad umbonate but not papillate. It is smooth, dull grayish brown to olivacous, more reddish at the center, hygrophanous. And becoming straw brown when dry with the center remaining more brownish. It sometimes has a bluish green tone, or olivacous tones at the margin when young.
The gills adnexed, subdistant, broad. And dark chocolate brown to purplish brown with age.
The spores are dark purple brown, ellipsoid, and 13 -14.5 by 7.5 – 8.8(10)um.
The stipe is 1.4 – 3.0 cm by 1 %u2013 2 mm, equal, enlarging at the base. It is whitish to very pale brownish, darker below, bruising blue. And finel fibrillose in the lower part. The partial veil is thin and soon disappears.
The taste is weak to somewhat farinaceous. The odor is strong aromatic to farinaceous.
Microscopic features: The basidia are 4-spored and pleurocystidia are absent. The cheilocystidia are 22 -33 by 5.5 – 9 um, lageniform and have an extended neck.
How to identify Psilocybe semilanceata?
Here is a breakdown of psilocybe semilanceata: liberty cap identification. The caps do not get bigger than one inch in diameter, ranging from a .5 to 2 cm only. The name semilanceata comes from the word semi and “lanceata” which means spear-shaped. It has a prominent pimple or nipple at the center top.
Can I grow liberty cap (psilocybe semilanceata) indoors?
Was wondering if anyone has any experience growing Psilocybe Semilanceata (Liberty Cap). And what the growth parameters are for that species. This is a very hard species to grow indoors. But it can be done…only a few have done it that I know of. Who the hell you callin crazy?
What are the different types of psilocybin mushrooms?
Types of Psilocybin Mushroom. 1 Psilocybe semilanceata. These mushrooms are also known as “Liberty Caps” due to their large caps. They are known to be among the most potent … 2 Psilocybe mexicana. 3 Psilocybe cyanescens. 4 Psilocybe azurescens. 5 Psilocybe baeocystis. More items
What is the difference between liberty cap and Psilocybe?
While liberty cap is the common colloquial name for psilocybe semilanceata. These mushrooms are also sometimes called Phrygian caps. As mentioned earlier, liberty cap mushrooms have bell-like, conical-shaped caps. The shape of the caps remains the same throughout the lifetime of the mushroom.